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What are the steps to build “smart” and how can we measure the smartness of a building?

Building smart involves the following steps:   building according to the local climate by exploiting passive design measures to increase energy efficiency in an integrated design; adequate and resource oriented integration of technical...

Are there at present in the context of Horizon 2020 projects dealing with innovation in smart buildings?

Horizon 2020 is the biggest EU Research and Innovation programme with nearly €80 billion of funding available over 7 years (2014 to 2020). Under Horizon 2020 there are 3 types of actions supported: research, demonstration and market uptake...

Koji su ključevi za декарбонизации grijanje u Europi i hlađenje ?

5 faktori koji ometaju energiju prijelaz na nula emisije u Europi do 2050, piše Thomas Nowak.   Kako da koristimo energiju u našem društvu treba promijeniti, ako želimo zadržati globalno zatopljenje ispod 2°C, kao što je predviđeno u...

Što se može reći o pokazatelj pameti?

U okviru ponude, objavljenom Europska komisija 30. studenoga 2016 godine, uvođenje 'otmjenost pokazatelja ne očekuje.   S obzirom na karakteristike ovog pokazatelja pameti, sljedećim opisom:   Pokazatelj pameti će odražavati sposobnost...

What kind of financial tools will the EU offer to encourage deep renovation?

The European Commission aims to encourage a more effective use of public funds, help project developers bring good project ideas to maturity, and make the energy efficiency market more trusted and attractive for all stakeholders through...

The 2016 Commission’s winter package - What is the investment plan?

The European Commission complements the measures it is taking to reach its 2030 targets with the “Smart Finance for Smart Buildings” investment initiative. It aims to encourage a more effective use of public funds, help project developers...

The 2016 Commission’s winter package - Does it address energy poverty?

Energy poverty is a major challenge across the EU, and has its root in low incomes and energy inefficient housing. The winter package presents a new approach to protect vulnerable consumers.   The Commission's energy efficiency proposals...

The 2016 Commission’s winter package – What are the plans for increasing the building renovation rate?

The Commission’s Communication “Clean Energy for all Europeans” (also called the winter package) refers to the proposed amendment of the Energy Performance of Buildings Directive. Here it is suggested that the Member States shall set up a...

The 2016 Commission’s winter package – What’s in for the users?

On 30 November 2016 the Commission has published a Communication called “Clean Energy for all Europeans”. It includes 3 main goals: Putting energy efficiency first, achieving global leadership in renewable energies and providing a fair...

Does the production of insulation material consume more energy than the materials save?

The non-renewable (fossil) primary energy requirements for the production of insulation materials (grey energy) differ considerably. E.g. less than 100 kWh/m³ is used for the production of materials requiring little processing such as wood...

Does thermal insulation lead to mould problems?

Mould can occur when warm air cools at building component surfaces and therefore the relative humidity of the air increases greatly. The pH value and capillarity of a surface also have impact on the tendency for mould to form. Additional...

What are the main advantages of a quality management within building commissioning?

Like in a modern Tower of Babel, managing quality within building commissioning means ensuring collaboration and data sharing between different actors (i.e. building systems and people) and act to contain defects aiming to achieve optimal...

Is there a unique definition in Europe for a Nearly Zero-Energy Building (NZEB)?

Yes and No:   YES: There is in article 2 of the EPBD Recast (Directive 2010/31/2U) a European definition of 'nearly zero-energy buildings: ‘nearly zero-energy building’ (NZEB) means a building that has a very high energy performance,...

What is the difference between a European directive (as the Energy Performance of Buildings Directive - EPBD) and a European Regulation (as the Construction Product Regulation - CPR)?

A European directive does require transposition by each member state into national legislation, whereby such transposition is not necessary in case of a regulation. In other words, a regulation is directly applicable to each citizen.

What is building airtightness?

Building airtightness (also called envelope airtightness) can be defined as the resistance to inward or outward air leakage through unintentional leakage points or areas in the building envelope. This air leakage is driven by differential...

What is the legal context for the ongoing review process of the Energy Performance of Buildings Directive (EPBD)?

Article 19 of the Energy Performance of Buildings Directive (EPBD, Directive 2010/31/EU) states: “The Commission, assisted by the Committee established by Article 26, shall evaluate this Directive by 1 January 2017 at the latest, in the...

Why should public buildings be frontrunner buildings in terms of energy performance?

Throughout the Recast Energy Performance of Buildings Directive (EPBD, Directive 2010/31/EU) it is requested that “the public sector in each Member State should lead the way in the field of energy performance of buildings” and “buildings...

What is meant by “Smart Grid”?

The term ‘smart grid’ is used for electrical grids that include at least some of the following operational and energy measures: smart meters, smart appliances, renewable energy contributions and energy efficiency resources. Smart meters...

What is the Concerted Action on Energy Performance of Buildings Directive (CA EPBD)?

The Concerted Action on Energy Performance of Buildings Directive (CA EPBD) is a forum of national authorities from 29 countries to support the EU countries in the task of transposing and implementing the Energy Performance of Buildings...

Are there already examples of Nearly-Zero Energy Buildings (NZEBs) built in the EU Member States?

The Energy Performance of Buildings Directive (EPBD, Directive 2010/31/EU) requests that by 31 December 2020 all new buildings are nearly-zero energy buildings and after 31 December 2018 all new buildings occupied and owned by public...