Different Member States are interpreting the definition of "in an independent manner" in various ways.
Some Member States are defining this requirement as requiring building certification and/or plant inspection to be undertaken by a person who is entirely independent of the building owner or occupier.
An alternative approach being adopted in some Member States allows "self-certification" by an accredited expert directly employed by the building owner or occupant.
In most cases self-certification is being linked to a government endorsed quality assurance accreditation framework so as to ensure that self-certification is only undertaken by suitably qualified "competent persons".
Author: David STRONG (BRE)