Fraunhofer-ISI and 4 partner organisations have performed a study on the energy saving potentials in EU Member States, Candidate Countries and EEA Countries on behalf of the European Commission (DG TREN). The study aimed at estimating in a technically and economically harmonised manner the energy saving potentials for each EU27 of the Member States plus for Croatia, Norway, Iceland and Liechtenstein. The second goal was to develop a tool to assess national energy efficiency action plans and to ascertain if they sufficiently take into account the existing energy savings potentials within a country, and to identify the sectors where the national savings targets established under the ESD Directive can be met most cost effectively.
The project and the central part of the evaluation of energy efficiency and energy savings potentials at the demand side is based on the bottom-up MURE simulation tool. The tool is structured into the following modules: residential sector buildings, residential electric appliances, transport sector, industrial sector processes, industrial sector electric cross-cutting technologies, service sector buildings, service sector electric appliances, IT appliances, demand side CHP. 4 different scenarios were considered from autonomous progress scenario over low policy intensity scenario, high policy intensity scenario and technical scenario. In 2020 the technical potentials were estimated to reach up to 336 Mtoe for the EU27. Read more details in the report.