This report discusses the progress towards the 2020 Energy Efficiency targets and towards the implementation of the provisions of the Energy Efficiency Directive 2012/27/EU (EED), providing an overview of the main energy trends in the European Union with special focus on the period 2005-2016. It is based on the last EUROSTAT data available and on the analysis provided by Member States within their Annual Reports 2018, under the EED.
The Energy Efficiency Directive 2012/27/EU (the EED or the Directive), adopted in 2012, forms a key part of the EU's overall climate and energy legislative package, laying down the foundation for actions to be taken in order to help realise the energy efficiency potential of the European economy. All EU Member States are required to implement policy measures that improve energy efficiency at all stages of the energy chain from production to final consumption.
In accordance with Article 3, Member States have to set indicative energy efficiency targets – based on either primary or final energy savings, primary or final energy consumption or energy intensity – in view of the overall target of 20% reduction in EU primary energy consumption by 2020. In accordance with Article 24, Member States are also requested to submit National Energy Efficiency Action Plans (NEEAPs) every three years as well as reports on the progress achieved towards their national energy efficiency targets by 30 April each year as from 2013 in the form of the so-called Annual Reports (ARs). For the latter, Member States are required to specifically report on their recent consumption trends as well as report on policy updates and progress towards implementing Articles 5 and 7 of the Directive.
As per the Directive’s requirements, the European Commission's responsibilities include the assessment of the annual progress made by Member States towards achieving the national indicative energy efficiency targets and implementing the various provisions of the Directive. The Joint Research Centre has undertaken the task of evaluating the submitted annual reports and the results of the analysis of the Annual Reports of 2018 (AR2018) are presented in this Report.