European Directive 2012/27/EU : Transposition of article 7 in Europe related to Obligation schemes and alternative measures

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Under the European Energy Efficiency Directive 2012/27/EU, EU countries should set up an energy efficiency obligation scheme. This scheme requires energy companies to achieve yearly energy savings of 1.5% of annual sales to final consumers.
In order to reach this target, companies have to carry out measures which help final consumers improve energy efficiency. This may include improving the heating system in consumers' homes, installing double glazed windows, or better insulating roofs to reduce energy consumption.
EU countries may also implement alternative policy measures which reduce final energy consumption. These measures could include:
•    energy or CO2 taxes
•    financial incentives that lead to an increased use of energy efficient technology
•    regulations or voluntary agreements that lead to the increased use of energy efficient technology
•    energy labelling schemes beyond those that are already mandatory under EU law
•    training and education, including energy advisory programs

In this report, Beelas Group studied transposition of article 7 around Europe.