In all the decisions that it makes, a municipality must be a motivator and an initiator of local energy regulations. To minimize CO2 emissions at the local level, the local authority may intervene essentially in two essential stages during the life of a building, namely:
- 1) the design stage and construction of a new building
- 2) the phase of rehabilitation, modernization or expansion of an existing building
In this regard, it should be noted that Law nr.372 / 13.12.2005 regarding the Energy Performance of Buildings sets minimum requirements for the energy performance of new buildings and for existing buildings that are subject to modernizing works and to legal provisions regarding the inspection of boilers and central heating installations; the inspections can reveal the measures to reduce energy consumption and minimize emissions.
However, the local authority may grant tax exemptions or reductions in the property/residence tax for individuals that undertake interventions and rehabilitation of buildings at their own expense. The Timisoara local council annually adopts such decisions in support of physical persons, according to the Tax Code, therefore we can affirm that national and local regulations support and promote energy efficiency and implicitly the reduction of carbon dioxide emissions as well, therefore, the compliance with the legislation has a major impact on reducing the carbon footprint in the buildings sector and particularly of buildings in the residential sector.
As the initiator of local development projects, municipal decisions directly affect energy consumption. Timisoara City Hall, as promoter of its own investments, may constitute an example in terms of project quality, building materials and the equipment and facilities used for their execution, in order to inspire and to determine best practice replication.
Owners of apartments and buildings in the residential sector, companies and large industrial customers in the city are those who influence the behavior of energy consumption in the City. This behaviour may be a responsible one directed to the rational use of energy resources, or one tending to waste energy. The municipality does not have direct influence and action on citizens that affect the residential sector or on small businesses and institutions in the tertiary sector. However, consumers may be motivated to adopt measures to increase energy efficiency and reduce energy consumption.
In this respect, as promoter of local energy and tax policies, Timisoara may adopt tax incentives to support certain categories of users and set tariffs for local public services likely to contribute to the realization of investments, rehabilitations or upgradings which will lead to energy efficiency and production of energy from renewable sources.
The full report can be downloaded from the NeZeR project website here: http://www.nezer-project.eu/actionplansforcities.4.1f96676d145d7c937411435.html#.V0ypmOQuz20