FYR of Macedonia is doing a lot to improve its legislation on energy efficiency in order to meet the energy savings targets and commitments to the European Energy Community.
The country's policy and legal framework on energy efficiency consists of:
- the Strategy for Development of the Energy Sector 2009-2030;
- the Strategy for Improvement of Energy Efficiency 2010-2020;
- the First National Energy Efficiency Action Plan 2010-2012;
- the Energy Law (enacted in 2011); and
- numerous by-laws.
All these documents foresee measures to be implemented and obligations to be fulfilled by public institutions and private entities in order to increase energy efficiency in various sectors. Compulsory three-year energy efficiency programmess in municipalities, energy certification (energy passports) of buildings, and regular energy audits, are among the measures that should contribute to accomplish this goal.
In recent years, through several donor-funded projects, a small number of public and private buildings was subjected to energy audits and renovation, with significant increase of their energy efficiency, but the approach to energy auditing was not systematic. When the Clean Energy Investment Project, funded by the United States Agency for International Development (USAID), was launched in April 2013, energy audits were foreseen on paper in the Energy Law and the Rulebook on Energy Audits, but in reality none was conducted, at least not in the way the newly adopted legislation prescribed. Therefore, the project and the relevant national authorities established a strong cooperation in order to complete and improve the relevant legal framework. Implementation of energy audits, especially in public buildings, is a necessary tool in measuring the progress towards the national energy saving target set to 9% of the average final energy consumption by 2018.
In 2014, there were major alterations in the examination of energy auditors. To support these changes, the Rulebook on Energy Audits, the Rulebook on Energy Performances of Buildings, and the Energy Auditors Training Programme were also revised. A few additional changes were made as a result of the deficiencies identified in practice, which should overall facilitate the implementation of the rules.
The USAID Clean Energy Investment Project, in cooperation with the project "Technical Support to the Ministry of Economy of FYR of Macedonia in Respect to the Transposition of the Energy Performances of Buildings Directive" (a project of the European Bank of Reconstruction and Development - EBRD) and the Ministry of Economy, will propose another set of amendments to completely align all aspects of energy auditing with the EU legislation.
For further information, please visit the relevant Balkan Green Energy News website.