With 15 countries that announced to phase out coal burning since 2015, this guide reflects back on a wealth of policy experience gained in the last four years.
With the feedback of 20 experts across 10 countries, nine qualities that are needed for a successful coal phase-out were identified. The interviews from the experts allowed to highlight whether there were lessons to share and adding the nine qualities, the authors created a list of “dos and dont’s”.
The nine qualities are:
- Ambitious: plans need a phase-out date and pathway consistent with 1.5 degrees
- Legislated: plans should be written into laws
- Just: no one is left behind
- Clean: wind and solar explicitly replace coal
- Direct: avoids a bridge into fossil gas or unsustainable biomass
- Reliable: keeps the lights on
- Economic: coal should pay a carbon price
- Healthy: closes dirtiest plants first
- Smart: avoids pay-off for closure