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National plan for increasing the number of nearly zero-energy buildings as required by Directive 2010/31/EU on the Energy Performance of Buildings (EPBD recast) – Malta

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Article 2 of the EPBD recast defines a nearly zero-energy building as “a building that has a very high energy performance, as determined in accordance with Annex I [of the Directive]. The nearly zero or very low amount of energy required should be covered to a very significant extent by energy from renewable sources, including energy from renewable sources produced on-site or nearby”.

The Directive requires that by 31 December 2020, all Member States must ensure that all new buildings shall be nearly zero-energy. The same conditions will apply from 31 December 2018 for all new buildings occupied and owned by public authorities [Article 9(1)].

Furthermore, Article 9(1) requires that “Member States shall draw up national plans for increasing the number of nearly zero-energy buildings. These national plans may include targets differentiated according to the category of building”.

This document describes the status of the national definition of nearly zero-energy buildings (ΝΖΕΒ) and sets out the strategy, framework and actions foreseen to increase the number of NZEB in Malta in order to meet the 2018 and 2020 targets.


To view progress reports and updated MS national plans for the increase of NZEB, please visit the relevant European Commission website:

Additional documents