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Ritratto di Maria Kapsalaki

Maria Kapsalaki

Consultant, INIVE EEIG (Non-profit)
Greece

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What are Test Reference Years (TRYs)?

Test Reference Years are detailed annual climate data rows used primarily in calculation and simulation programmes. They are in most cases not simply measured climate information of a real year at a certain location, but an artificial annual climate...
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Why is monitoring so important in demonstration projects?

Pilot or demonstration buildings are made in order to test new innovative technologies or to demonstrate that a defined level of high building energy performance is possible in reality. These buildings are show cases that allow experts and the...
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How does the German “Mieterstromgesetz” [Tenant Electricity Law] work?

In the end of July 2017, the German law on the promotion of tenant electricity (Gesetz zur Förderung von Mieterstrom) entered into force. With this law, tenants shall benefit from the energy transition. In fact, the law promotes landlords or system...
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What is meant with “Rebound Effect”?

Efficiency measures at the building envelope and the building services systems decrease the operational costs of buildings. But reduced costs can lead to changes in the behaviour of the building users. They consume more energy and parts of the...
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Are there EU funded projects – schemes, based on nanomaterials in the construction industry?

The list that follows provides brief information on EU funded projects and clusters in the field of nanomaterials:   ADAPTIWALL project used multi-functional light-weight wall panel based on adaptive insulation and nanomaterials for energy...
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Which nanomaterials are most commonly used for photocatalytic applications?

Titania (TiO2) is suitable for several environmental applications such as air purifier, waste water treatment cleaning, water disinfection and photo-induced hydrophilic coating with self-cleaning properties. It can be incorporated in bulk concrete,...
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What are the critical parameters in the use of nanomaterials in the building sector?

The selection of the appropriate matrix is of importance since it can affect the effectiveness of nanomaterials, or even react in such a way that unwanted by-products may be produced.   The presence of dissolved oxygen in the...
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What are the uses of Photocatalysis in the building environment?

There are many examples of photocatalysts aimed at reducing urban depollution applied on photocatalytic pavements. Titanium dioxide (Titania) is being explored as a component, but the correct method of applying...
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What are the important factors for the photocatalytic performance?

The size of the nanoparticles is an important factor, when it comes to the photocatalytic performance. Nanomaterials with smaller particles are expected to provide better photocatalytic activity.   In order to enhance the...
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Are there examples of photocatalytic applications in the building industry?

Self-cleaning/photocatalytic properties are known since the 1960s, but they have only recently been widely exploited. The first application was on the church ‘‘Dives in Misericordia” in Rome. It is composed of 346 self-cleaning concrete blocks made...